James Matthews (1929 - )
The Order of Ikhamanga in
Profile of James Matthews
James Matthews was born on 25 May 1929 in District Six in Cape Town to working class parents. After completing standard seven, Matthews began to work and held a variety of jobs, including newspaper boy, office messenger, clerk, and telephonist.
Yet for Matthews, the lure of words and the art of expression were fundamental to his being. His first writings were published in 1946 at the age of 17. Soon he found himself working as a journalist. Over the years, Matthews contributed to many national newspapers such as the Golden City Post, The Cape Times, and Drum, and later to the independent community newspaper, Muslim News.
His gift was for creative writing and poetry to which he was inexorably drawn, even at great cost to himself. Through short stories, Matthews explored the issues, dilemmas and the world of the working class in Cape Town and the townships, sprawled across the Cape Flats to which black people were forcibly removed.
Having witnessed the profound impact of poverty, exploitation and racism on the psyche and outlook of the oppressed, Matthews became, through his poetry, a leading articulator of the Black Consciousness philosophy which propagated the notion of self-reliance to counter the insidious de-humanisation of black people.
His first published collection of poetry Cry Rage (co-authored with Gladys Thomas and published in 1972) became the first collection of poetry to be banned by the apartheid regime. Most of Matthews’s later publications were banned as well. In 1976, Matthews was himself detained at Victor Verster prison near Paarl in the Western Cape and he was repeatedly denied a passport.
Matthews was determined to pursue his chosen path as an independent thinker, writer and cultural worker despite official repression and harassment. His brand of political writing powerfully articulated the demands and longing of South Africans at the height of apartheid repression. A keen sense of purpose led him to establish the first black-owned art gallery in Cape Town and to set up his own publishing house, BLAC, an acronym for Black Literature, Arts & Culture.
Even though Matthews’s poetry, short stories and novel were read across the world and he was recognised as a major writer and poet, years of enforced isolation cut him off from his readership. Deprived of the commercial success that should have been his due, Matthews’s life was one of financial hardship and poverty.
Matthews is an exceptionally gifted intellectual whose commitment to political and social justice and demanding litérature engagé is only surpassed by his humility and fierce independence. His art gallery and publishing house – though financially unsuccessful – were significant symbolic blows against the enforced cultural desert of apartheid. It provided the indispensable, albeit short-lived space for true artistic and literary expression which served as the launch-pad for the continuing development of South African writing.
Matthews was elected patron of the Congress of South African Writers at its founding in 1987 and received the freedom of Lehrte and Nürnberg (both in Germany), while the University of Iowa in the USA awarded him an Honorary Fellowship in Writing. Matthews has also read and lectured at several German Universities.
In 2000, Matthews established Realities, a new publishing house to follow his dream of creating a publishing vehicle for South African writers. Matthews still lives on the Cape Flats, where he continues to give readings at local high schools.